African countries ranking
- Legatum Institute: Botswana is the most prosperous country in Africa
- The Central African Republic is the least prosperous country on the continent
- Rwanda was the best improver gaining five ranking places since 2012
- Malawi was the biggest faller, dropping 11 places since 2012
According to new research from the Legatum Institute, which last week ranked prosperity in 38 African countries around criteria ranging from economics to education to health, the title belongs to Botswana, the diamond-rich country in southern Africa. As well as posting a relatively high per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $15, 176, Botswana also fared well in terms of governance, education and personal freedom. As the country spends 8% of its GDP on education, it is among the biggest proportional spenders in the world according to the World Bank. This is the third year in a row that Botswana has topped the index.
Rwanda was the best improver, gaining five ranking places to end up as the eighth most prosperous country in Africa. The country was found to have the sixth highest ranking in regulation and government effectiveness, the eighth highest score in rule of law and the lowest perceptions of corruption in Africa.
"Rwanda deserves credit for actively encouraging women to play a central role in shaping the future of their country. And it seems to be paying dividends, " says the report.
These findings bucked trends across the continent, where 41% of women are out of work, as opposed to 23% of men.
"We cannot talk about the prosperity of women in Africa if we don't change the inappropriate policies that hinder their progress, " argues Marieme Jamme, a Davos Young Global leader and CEO of SpotOne Global Solutions. "We cannot sugar coat the issues of funding, mentoring, gender equality, recognition and representation and expect women to come winners within the current framework and plans we have in Africa."
Other notable gainers since 2012 included countries from East Africa - while neither Kenya nor Mozambique featured in the top 10 most prosperous countries in Africa, they both rose by four places in the rankings since 2012.
As over 44% of Kenyans thought it was a good time to find employment, the country ranked ninth in terms of entrepreneurship and opportunity. But following the 2013 siege in Nairobi's Westgate Mall, the country ranked 32 of 38 in terms of safety and security.
Falling down the ranks
Regional partner Tanzania, by contrast, fell eight places since 2012 going from 11th to 19th in the latest rankings. A drop in five-year average growth and an increase in inflation were coupled with a decline in confidence in financial institutions and falling satisfaction with living standards.
The country fared particularly badly in terms of personal freedom, where it fell from 24th to 28th.
While Tanzania's education score rose by one place in the rankings, the report argues that Tanzania needs to improve the quality of education in schools rather than focusing on enrollment rates. "Tanzanian education is not producing graduates with the skills needed to work in the formal sector, " the report says. "The lack of an adequately skilled workforce is a hindrance to investment in sectors such as manufacturing, construction, mining, agriculture, finance, and communications...Tanzania needs education that improves students' chances of finding employment."
The biggest faller was Malawi, which dropped 11 places since 2012 to 20th in the index. The report cites a drop in the five-year GDP growth rate as part of the reason the country fell by 18 places in the Economy sub-index.
In all, average prosperity in Africa has been on the up since 2012. In the past two years all countries have seen increases in at least one area tracked by the report.
But Nathan Gamester, program director of the Prosperity Index, added a cautious note to the findings: "As African economies grow, a chief concern for many governments is how to ensure that the fruits of growth benefit a majority of the population and contribute to true long term prosperity."kew gardens christmas lights artificial christmas tree next christmas pyjamas how many sleeps till christmas merry christmas everyone lyrics matalan christmas pyjamas last 2nd class posting christmas 2022 cast of a boy called christmas what day is christmas 2022 things to get for christmas stourhead christmas lights funny christmas jumper christmas market london christmas drawing ideas grinch christmas jumper 8-bit christmas christmas reef christmas gifts for him classy christmas jumpers christmas hats christmas quiz questions and answers christmas day lunch near me 2022 christmas dress women womens christmas pajamas acrylic christmas nails tesco christmas advert 2022 prague christmas market slade christmas song muppet christmas carol rockin around the christmas tree lyrics christmas tree cartoon christmas hampers 2022 girls christmas dress christmas gift boxes christmas films on netflix christmas lights london m&s christmas christmas presents for dad thursford christmas christmas presents 2022 family christmas pyjamas uk christmas sweets christmas star christmas recipes aldi christmas food christmas films 2022 christmas party nights 2022 vegetarian christmas dinner merry christmas mr lawrence personalised christmas decorations what time is the queen's speech on christmas day 2022 christmas sacks christmas box tesco christmas advert 2022 christmas calendar christmas cushion covers a christmas carol (miniseries) the man who invented christmas trafalgar square christmas tree 2022 christmas tops for women snowy christmas tree twelve days of christmas 3ft christmas tree lemax christmas village tesco christmas opening hours hampers for christmas stratford upon avon christmas market wham! last christmas christmas dinner near me christmas drinks christmas jokes 2022 christmas lingerie ladbaby christmas song 2022 christmas decoration ideas we wish you a merry christmas tu christmas jumpers christmas backgrounds how to decorate a christmas tree christmas dinner set asda christmas opening times christmas pjs family a very yorkshire christmas family matching christmas pajamas is die hard a christmas movie michael buble christmas christmas scenes maternity christmas jumper netflix christmas movies 2022 christmas gifts for dad christmas suit i wish it could be christmas everyday christmas headband red christmas dress christmas ham primark christmas pyjamas new christmas movies 2022 peacocks christmas jumpers mariah carey all i want for christmas chris rea driving home for christmas gifts for mum christmas b and q christmas tree christmas holly fake christmas tree when is christmas jumper day 2022 balsam hill christmas trees warwick castle christmas christmas puns chatsworth christmas market 2022 christmas jumpers womens christmas gift mens christmas jumpers merry christmas you filthy animal novelty christmas jumpers christmas hoodie christmas radio station christmas outfits women christmas radio christmas coloring pages christmas characters belfast christmas market 2022 merry christmas in french christmas stocking fillers christmas tree emoji christmas cracker covid lockdown christmas uk gifts for her christmas christmas wreath ideas countdown to christmas christmas inflatable decorations vegan christmas dinner booby christmas costa christmas drinks 2022 leicester square christmas market boyfriend christmas gifts night before christmas leeds christmas market christmas list do they know it's christmas lyrics christmas costumes disney christmas ed sheeran christmas song royal mail christmas delivery delays christmas turkey christmas outfit christmas song david beckham christmas photo wrapping paper christmas christmas nails designs asda christmas decorations alton towers christmas what do i want for christmas wooden christmas decorations christmas dinner 2022 wilko christmas lights john lewis christmas decorations all i want for christmas best christmas markets in europe tesco christmas opening hours 2022 heart christmas radio supermarkets opening times christmas eve norway trafalgar square christmas tree cheap christmas decorations christmas poems light up christmas jumper christmas shopping christmas wonderland christmas day dress cast of last christmas 2022 christmas market edinburgh christmas trees for sale this christmas christmas movies 2022 christmas cake decoration ideas christmas train south bank christmas market womens christmas jumpers christmas gel nails kids christmas pyjamas christmas ribbon ghost of christmas present sainsburys christmas food 2022 christmas present is christmas eve a bank holiday christmas in london coca cola christmas truck